Standishgate, Wigan WN1
Image copyright Alex Ramsay
Image copyright Alex Ramsay
One of a pair of outstanding early nineteenth century Catholic churches in Wigan. A secular church built in 1818, its Gothic style offers a bold and presumably deliberate contrast to the Classicism of the nearby Jesuit church of St John. The church is a delightful essay in Commissioners-style Gothic, with a vaulted and galleried interior.
In 1573 the Bishop of Chester described the Catholics of Wigan as ‘stubborn recusants’, and the old faith was to endure in the town throughout penal times. Wigan was a centre of Jacobitism in 1715 and 1745, and was chosen as one of the earliest English Jesuit missions. St John’s, Standishgate (q.v.) was established by the Jesuits in 1723 and rebuilt in 1819. St Mary’s was its secular rival, built within two hundred yards. The foundation stone of the rebuilt St John’s was laid first, but St Mary’s was the first to be completed, in 1818. Building was financed in part by the Greenhaulgh family, who are commemorated on a wall tablet. The Gothic design of the church was no doubt a deliberate contrast to the Classicism of St John’s. The architect is unknown.
The red brick presbytery was added in 1882, from designs by James O’Byrne of Liverpool (plans in Archdiocesan Archives).
The church was sympathetically reordered with a forward altar in 1969, leaving the sanctuary otherwise unaltered.
See list description, below. Additional information:
Roman Catholic church. 1818; altered. Sandstone ashlar, with sides and rear of coursed squared sandstone; slate roof. Gothick style with Perpendicular features to the facade. PLAN: rectangular plan set back from, and at right-angles to street, with integral narthex, nave with north and south aisles, short chancel. EXTERIOR: a 2-storey 5-bay symmetrical facade, the centre gabled and the outer bays (ends of aisles) lower; with pilaster-buttresses modulated to tall diagonal crocketed pinnacles and an embattled parapet with a bellcote at the apex of the gable. The wide centre bay has a large 2-centred arched 5-light transomed window with surround chamfered in 3 orders, ogee-headed lights on both levels, dense geometric Perpendicular tracery in the head, and a hood-mould. The flanking bays each have a Tudor-arched doorway with double-chamfered surround, hollow spandrels and a hood-mould, and a 2-centred arched 2-light window above. All these windows have geometrical small-paned stained glass. Lower outer bays have diagonal buttresses. The 5-bay side walls have tall 2-centred arched 3-light transomed windows with flush transoms and mullions. The chancel has a 5-light window with eclectic tracery. INTERIOR: 5-bay aisle arcades of slender clustered wooden columns and moulded 2- centred arches; galleries to 3 sides, with Gothick traceried front panelling; closed trusses to a shallow-pitched ceiling with moulded ribs and large foliated bosses; glazed screen below west gallery, with Gothick tracery and leaded glazing; curved stone staircases to gallery in both front corners.
(Little B: Catholic Churches since 1623: London: 1966-; Watkin D: The Buildings of Britain: Regency: London: 1982-).
Listing NGR: SD5851306150
Original Date: 1818
Conservation Area: Yes
Listed Grade: Grade II*