The Presbytery, Mowbreck Lane, Wesham, Preston PR4 3HA
A large and economical red brick Gothic Revival church of the 1880s, built for cotton mill workers.
The presbytery is located behind the church in Mowbreck Lane. This lane led to Mowbreck Hall, the home of the Westbys, a Catholic family with distinguished forebears, including Cardinal Allen. Visitors to the hall included Edmund Campion. At the time of Bishop Petre’s visitation in 1750 there were 120 communicants attending the chapel at the hall. From this sprang Pugin’s church at Kirkham (qv).
The expansion of Westby, which is coterminous with Kirkham and separated by the railway line, started with the arrival of the railway in 1840 and the building of cotton mills and workers’ houses. At the time of a census in 1883 there were 525 Catholics in Wesham. Fr Hines of Kirkham sought funds to build a new church, and the Billington family of Kirkham (who had also contributed to the cost of The Willows at Kirkham and the church at Westby) contributed £6,012, almost the entire cost. A site was found at the end of the lane leading to Mowbreck Hall and the foundation stone laid on 13 July 1884 by Bishop O’Reilly of Liverpool. The dedication to St Joseph (the Worker) was not uncommon with new churches in industrial towns. The church was large, built to accommodate 4-500, and was consecrated on 18 March 1886. At a subsequent opening Fr Bilsborrow (see Grange-over-Sands) spoke on the contribution during penal times of the Catholics of Lancashire in ensuring the survival of the faith: ‘Lancashire was the backbone of Catholicity in England in those days as it is now and the Fylde was the backbone – the cream – of Catholicity in Lancashire’ (Quoted in F. J. Singleton, 1983, p 44).
A school followed in 1890, and a cemetery in 1895. The presbytery appears to be contemporary with the church, and is built of the same red brick.
A large and relatively economical Early English Gothic design, with lancet windows and plate tracery, faced in the harsh Ruabon red brick used by Sinnott & Powell elsewhere (e.g. at Pilling). Tall west front with a central projecting porch and polychromatic carving (the Flight into Egypt) in the tympanum. Bellcote on the gable.
The interior consists of a nave and aisles, with a flat east wall and uninterrupted views of the altar and pulpit. The detailing is somewhat crude (e.g. the simplified capital on the granite columns of the nave, the thin hammer beam roof). While there are no individual fittings of outstanding merit, worthy of mention are the early twentieth century marble altar rails, still in situ, the stone pulpit (with marble trim) and the reredos with scenes from the life of Our Lady and St Joseph (1948). The benches are plain.
Entry amended by AHP 21.12.2020
Architect: Sinnott & Powell
Original Date: 1886
Conservation Area: No
Listed Grade: Not Listed